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Sudan Transportations
 
 
 

General

With the exception of a few interurban bus lines and taxi systems, all land, sea, river and air transportation facilities are owned by the state. The 5,978 km of railway track links most of the main towns of Sudan. The principal terminals are Khartoum and Port Sudan in the east; Wadi Halfa' in the north (on the Egyptian border); Al Ubayyid in the centre of the country; Nyala in the west; and Waw in the south. 'Atbarah on the Nile River (north of Khartoum) is an important junction and seat of the central administration, repair shops and equipment-manufacturing plants of the Sudan Railways Corp.

In 1966, a bridge linking Khartoum North and Omdurman, and the enlargement of the bridge on the White Nile between Khartoum and Omdurman were completed, facilitating the circulation of traffic around these three towns. A major road (1,197 km) linking Port Sudan with Khartoum was completed in 1980. In 2002, the overall road system totalled 11,900 km, of which 4,320 km were paved.

Sudan has 4,068 km of waterways. River transport services link many communities. The White Nile route between Kusti and Juba (1,436 km) is of crucial importance. Port Sudan, on the Red Sea, is primarily a cargo port, handling all of Sudan's cotton exports as well as most food imports. Passenger traffic is insignificant except for Mecca-bound pilgrims. As of 2010, Sudan had two vessels.

There were an estimated 140 airports in 2010, 19 of which had paved runways. The international airport is at Khartoum. The state-owned Sudan Airways Corp, founded in 1947, links the main cities and provides extensive international service. Flights to the south were suspended in the mid-1980s because of the civil war. In 2001, 415,000 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international flights.

Overview

Airports :
140 (2010)

Airports - with paved runways :
total: 19
over 3,047 m: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 10
1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
under 914 m: 1 (2010)

Airports - with unpaved runways :
total: 121
1,524 to 2,437 m: 21
914 to 1,523 m: 62
under 914 m: 38 (2010)

Heliports :
5 (2010)

Pipelines :
gas 156 km; oil 4,070 km; refined products 1,613 km (2009)

Railways :
total: 5,978 km
narrow gauge: 4,578 km 1.067-m gauge; 1,400 km 0.600-m gauge for cotton plantations (2008)

Roadways :
total: 11,900 km
paved: 4,320 km
unpaved: 7,580 km (2002)

Waterways :
4,068 km (1,723 km open year round on White and Blue Nile rivers) (2008)

Merchant marine :
total: 2
by type: cargo 2 (2010)

Ports and terminals :
Port Sudan

 

 
 

 



 


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