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Sudan Military


The Sudan People's Armed Forces is the regular forces of the Republic of Sudan and is divided into four branches:

• Sudanese Army;
• Sudanese Navy (including the Marine Corps);
• Sudanese Air Force; and
• Popular Defence Force.

The military of Sudan has become a well-equipped fighting force, thanks to increasing local production of heavy and advanced arms. These forces are under the command of the National Assembly and its strategic principles include defending Sudan's external borders and preserve internal security.

However, since the Darfur crisis in 2004, safe-keeping the central government from the armed resistance and rebellion of paramilitary rebel groups such as the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), the Sudanese Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) have been important priorities. While not official, the Sudanese military also uses Arab militias, the most prominent being the Janjaweed, in executing a counter-insurgency war. Something between 200,000 and 400,000 have died in the violent struggles.

Sudan now receives most of its military equipment from the People's Republic of China and Russia. Sudan has a weapons production company called the Military Industry Corporation, which can produce ammunition, machine guns and mortars.


Military branches :
Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF): Land Forces, Navy (includes Marines), Sudanese Air Force (Sikakh al-Jawwiya as-Sudaniya), Popular Defence Forces; Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA): Popular Army, Air Force (2009)

Military service age and obligation :
18-33 years of age for male and female compulsory and voluntary military service; 12-24 month service obligation (2009)

Manpower available for military service :
males age 16-49: 10,433,973
females age 16-49: 10,411,443 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service :
males age 16-49: 6,475,530
females age 16-49: 6,840,885 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually :
male: 532,030
female: 512,476 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures :
3% of GDP (2005 est.)





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