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Sudan Communication


Sudan has known telecommunication services as early as 1897. Since that time, the entity in charge of telecommunication had undergone a number of organisational restructuring changes. All forms of entities established were government-owned that remained, for all practical purposes, entities without little or no operational and financial autonomy and little control over their own destiny.

Despite many development plans and efforts, the state of telecommunication sector in the country remained extremely poor up to the year 1994. By that time, Sudan had one of the lowest penetration rates (0.23%) even by regional standards. As of 2009 there were at least 370,400 main telephone lines and 15.34 million cellular phone subscribers.

The liberalisation and privatisation of the telecommunication sector, the policies, the regulations and plans adopted by the Government of the Sudan have created a capital-attracting, pro-competitive policy environment that have fostered the build-up of a modern, fully-digital infrastructure in the country and furnished a climate suited to enhance ICTs development nationwide. The telecommunication sector currently has an annual growth of 30% making it the fastest growing in the world.

The Sudan Broadcasting Service, the government-controlled radio network, transmits daily in Arabic, English, French, Amharic, Somali and other languages. Television service was inaugurated in 1963; an earth satellite station was completed in November 1974. In 2000 there were 464 radios and 273 televisions for every 1,000 people.

In 2008, there were about 4.2 million internet subscribers.


Telephones - main lines in use :
370,400 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular :
15.34 million (2009)

Telephone system :
general assessment: well-equipped system by regional standards and being upgraded; cellular communications started in 1996 and have expanded substantially with wide coverage of most major cities
domestic: consists of microwave radio relay, cable, fibre-optic, radio-telephone communications, tropospheric scatter, and a domestic satellite system with 14 earth stations
international: country code - 249; linked to international submarine cable Fibre-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), 1 Arabsat (2000)

Broadcast media :
in the north, the Sudanese Government directly controls TV and radio, requiring that both media reflect government policies; TV has a permanent military censor; a private radio station is in operation; in southern Sudan, TV is controlled by the regional government; several private FM stations are operational in southern Sudan; some foreign radio broadcasts are available (2007)

Internet country code :

Internet hosts :
70 (2010)

Internet users :
4.2 million (2008)





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